|Developing a Flipped classroom approach for FNH473: Nutrition Education in the Community
|Land & Food Systems
This project was a systematic revision of FNH 473 using a flexible learning approach: providing students with choice in their learning and assessments, using technology to support learning, and employing elements of the “flipped classroom” to encourage students to complete some ‘content acquisition’ through learning activities prior to class time so that class time can be used for dynamic discussion, application and synthesis.
|Year 1: Project Year
|Year 1: Funding Year
|Year 1: Project Type
|Year 1: Principal Investigator
|Year 1: Funded Amount
|Year 1: Team Members
Candice Rideout, Instructor, Food, Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Land and Food Systems
Products & achievements: Video vignettes (available at http://fnh473.landfood.ubc.ca/ and on Youtube and Connect); incorporating elements of the “flipped classroom” into face-to-face class time; mentoring for CBEL and other practical or field-based work.
Intended outcomes/themes: This systematic redesign of FNH 473 adapted a flexible learning approach to make this course an outstanding learning opportunity for students. Flexible learning strategies included: the design and development of web-based materials and online quizzes for self-paced learning and assessment in a learning management system, and five video vignettes (each approximately 12 minutes long) for the flipped class portion of the course. Technology was used to support learning and apply elements of a “flipped classroom” by enabling students to complete some ‘content acquisition’ through learning activities completed prior to class time so that class time could be used for dynamic discussion, application, and synthesis.
The redesign of FNH 473 incorporated flexible learning strategies and effectively integrated technology to (1) develop students’ knowledge and skills in the practice of public health nutrition, (2) improve lifelong learning skills, and (3) inspire action in nutrition education that will impact the nutrition-related learning experiences of many people. Using videos and readings to support students’ knowledge acquisition before class sessions enabled the effective use of a flipped classroom model in which students were active in the critical application of knowledge and skills gained throughout the course. Providing students with the choice of working on a community-based experiential learning (CBEL) project with a community partner, a problem-based learning (PBL) case, or the creation of a video documentary allowed students to personalize their learning experience in the course.
Evaluation approach: The evaluation of the impact of the project was primarily based on the UBC Student Evaluation of Teaching surveys, as indicated above. The data from successive years was analyzed to determine trends over the period of the redesign and comments from students were examined for specific reference to elements introduced as a result of the redesign of the course. The limitations of this approach to evaluation include: i) responses were not obtained from every student, ii) particular questions about the specific materials were not asked, and iii) there is limited depth to the observations offered (a more detailed evaluation – e.g. through interviews and/or focus groups would have been helpful)
Findings: A key aim of this redesign was to improve the learning experience for students. One strategy to evaluate the impact of the changes was to examine the Students Evaluation of Teaching (SEoT) results for three sections of the course: 2013 (prior to the redesign), 2014 (when a substantial portion of the redesign had been implemented, but some supporting elements – notably the video vignettes – were not yet available) and 2015 (when the redesign was largely complete, the videos were used).
The average score on question #6 [Overall, the instructor was an effective teacher] is often used as a general indicator of the effectiveness of an instructor/course, and the score on this question improved from 3.9 in 2013 to 4.4 in 2015.
Students’ comments on the redesigned course also indicate that their learning experience was effective. Examples of student comments from the SEoT survey include: [What I appreciated most about this course and/or how I benefited from it was…]
With respect to the effectiveness of the videos in particular, students commented: [What I appreciated most about this course and/or how I benefited from it was…]
Sustainability: My teaching practices have changed: I have refined my approach to providing quizzes based on readings; I have become more adept at integrating technology into teaching and providing courses using a “blended” approach (a combination of face-to-face and online learning activities); I applied an evidence-based approach to course redesign, which included key stakeholder input.
The feedback received from our presentation at the CTLT Spring Institute was very positive and suggests that sharing this experience has had some impact on others’ teaching practices as well. Notably, several colleagues were very interested in the approach of including students in the reflection on the impact of the redesign and expressed interest in having students’ views better represented in their own work in the future.
The materials that I have developed over the years I have taught this course were provided to the new instructor for the course, Gail Hammond. It is my understanding that she retained the structure of the course I had developed and used all of the materials I had created in the most recent offering of the course (2016 W2; the first year she taught the course).
The videos will remain available on YouTube. I hope that the short report (GEM) for the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour will be accepted and could lead to broader use of the videos as well.
The main challenge associated with achieving the long-term impacts of the redesign are due to the fact that I am no longer the instructor for this course and will no longer be working on this project. However, the design and materials are very robust and I believe they have been readily adapted by the new instructor.